The Batswana compose majority of the population and were an ethnic group called Tswana that migrated from South Africa during the Zulu Wars from the 1800s. Most Batswana were farmers in their villages before being under British colonization. The singular form of Batswana is Motswana. Formerly it protected under international law by the United Kingdom and called Bechuanaland. The name Botswana was officially adopted after earning their full indepedence on September 30, 1966.
There are other ethnic groups in Botswana that include Kalanga, Bushmen or AbaThwa. There are also several indigenous tribes throughout the country such as Bayei, Bambukushu, Basubia, Baherero and Bakgalagadi. Botswana has an Indian poopulation both Person of Indian Origin (PIO) and Non-Resident Indians (NRI). PIOs are Indians that are not citizens of India and were born and raised in Botswana. Indians also emigrated to Botswana not just from Indian, but from other African countries such as Kenya, Mozambique, Mauritius, South Africa, and Tanzania. These Indain familes moved to Botswana in search of better opportunities for their family. They worked in general trading and overtime grew these businesses into large corporations doing business with the international market. There are also Indians engaged in the diamond business as well. The Indians are well respected in this country for being good business leaders and working hard.
In Botswana there is a growing population of Chinese people. Some hold working permits and have opened trading businesses. In 2009, it was against the law for Chinese to own clothing stores because the laws made were set so those businesses could only be set up by locals. There have also been a number of Chinese without proper working permits working on various construction projects throughout the country that is a rising concern.