Facts About Argentina
Located in the South America is the world’s 8th largest country known as the Republic of Argentina. Spread over an area of 2.8 million square kilometers Argentina comprises of distinct and diverse geographical wonders including some of the world’s highest mountain peaks, gorgeous waterfalls, torrid deserts, dense forests and plains known as the Pampas.
The country is bordered on the north by Paraguay and Bolivia, on the northeast by Brazil and Uruguay, and Chile on the west and south.
Republic of Argentina was discovered in the year 1516 by Juan Diaz de Solis, a Spanish explorer. For almost 300 years, Argentina remained under the colonial rule of the Spanish. The country was formally declared independent on July 9, 1816. With a population of approximately 40 million people, Argentina is the 2nd largest country in the South American continent divided into 23 provinces and one autonomous city commonly known as the federal capital. Buenos Aires is the capital of the country.
Most of the people in the country are Roman Catholics. However, there are also significant number of Protestants, Muslims and Jews present. Spanish is the official and the most widely spoken language in this country. The government is called the federal presidential representative democratic republic, where the President of the Nation is both head of the state and head of the government. A multi-party system assists the President in the functioning of the government.
The country has a robust economy with agriculture and trade being the two most important occupations of people. The country has vast deposits of natural resources and minerals that include lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron, manganese, uranium and oil. In addition, it is a nature lover’s paradise containing several rivers, lakes and streams that run through the country. Major rivers in Argentina include Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Colorado, Uruguay and the Parana. There are several important national parks spread over the entire breadth of the country that are home to several diverse, elusive and rare species of flora and fauna.
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