Affirmative Action In Venezuela
Affirmative action programs can be described as policies that are introduced with the objective of promoting access to higher education and employment to those sections of people who have always been considered as minority groups in the society.
The primary objective of introducing these policies has been to redress the wrongful effects of social and racial discrimination that has been forcefully inflicted on these people since ages.
Venezuela is one of those Latin American countries where special affirmative action programs are being implemented for the upliftment of the poor and the minorities by providing access to higher education to poor and working class. Primary and secondary education is compulsory for all those living in Venezuela. Universities in Venezuela have created systems of preferred admissions for racial minorities, the poor, the disabled and the working class.
With the objective of providing stable employment for at least half of the Venezuelan workers belonging to the discriminated society, the Government of Venezuela has invested money so as to increase the number of cooperative enterprises from 800 to around 181,000. While the working hours for these people have been reduced to 36 hours from 40 hours, minimum wages offered to these workers are $286 per month. This amount is the highest among all the Latin American countries. Another initiative taken up by the Government of Venezuela for the welfare of poorer sections of the society is to shift 8.8 million acres of land for the development of these people.
All these measures have seen a sharp and noticeable reduction in poverty from the existing 55 percent of the population to 34 percent in Venezuela.
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