Labor And Work Standards In Venezuela
Located on the northern coast of South America, Republic of Venezuela is considered to be one of the most developed and urbanized Latin American countries. As per the official registered statistics, rate of unemployment in Venezuela is around 8.9 percent.
Almost 13 percent of the work force is employed in the public sector. About 18 percent of the labor force is unionized. According to these labor unions, labor and work standards in Venezuela still remain a major aspect of concern with the government of Venezuela constantly violating International Labor Organization (ILO) rules and regulations, an aspect that requires immediate attention.
One important reason that has been attributed to low labor and work standards in the country is the economical disparity or quality-of-life gaps within social groups and individuals. These differences have been constantly increasing during the last decade with the economically powerful individuals able to gain better opportunities and become wealthier. People belonging to the economically down-trodden sections are becoming poorer due to their inability to gain from their opportunities or being oppressed by the upper sections of the society. In Venezuela, the income difference between an hourly worker and a company president is among the widest in the world.
In 2005, the government of Venezuela had instituted an innovative means of getting over the problem of lower labor and work standards in the country. On an experimental basis, worker-run “co-management” system has been instituted into some of the state-run industries such as the Alcasa Factory, where workers have been made an active part of the management. They are provided with some major responsibilities such as developing budgets and electing managers and departmental delegates. Unions consider co-management as a step towards workers’ control within the workplace that has the capability to improve their living standards and work ethics at the work place.
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